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The Great Wildebeest Migration Map

January

In January, the Great Wildebeest Migration is typically located in the southern parts of the Serengeti ecosystem in Tanzania. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park): The herds are spread across the Southern Serengeti Plains and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. This region provides ample grazing and water resources, making it an ideal location for the wildebeest to give birth and nurse their young.

Activity:

  • Calving Season: January is the heart of the calving season. This is when hundreds of thousands of wildebeest give birth to their young. The plains are dotted with young calves, and the air is filled with the calls of wildebeest and the predators that stalk them.
  • Predator Activity: Predators like lions, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas are in abundance during this time. They take advantage of the vulnerable young wildebeest calves. This period offers some of the best opportunities for wildlife enthusiasts to witness predator-prey interactions.
  • Migratory Movement: While the main concentration is in the south, some herds may still be transitioning from the central parts of the Serengeti, and a few may be moving towards the south from the northern regions. These movements can be influenced by factors like rainfall and grazing conditions.

February

In February, the Great Wildebeest Migration continues its presence in the southern parts of the Serengeti ecosystem in Tanzania. Additionally, some herds might start to make their way towards the central Serengeti. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park): The majority of the herds are still concentrated in the Southern Serengeti Plains and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. This area continues to provide ample grazing and water resources for the wildebeest and their young.
  • Possibly Central Serengeti: Some herds may start their northward movement towards the central parts of the Serengeti during this time. This transition is influenced by factors like rainfall and grazing conditions.

Activity:

  • Continued Calving Season: February is still within the calving season. While the peak of calving activity may start to taper off, there are still young calves present, and the plains remain a critical nursery area.
  • Predator Activity: Predators like lions, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas continue to be active during this time. They are still focused on hunting the vulnerable young wildebeest calves.
  • Migratory Movement: Some herds may begin to move towards the central parts of the Serengeti, where grazing resources may be more abundant.

March

In March, the Great Wildebeest Migration is typically located in the southern parts of the Serengeti ecosystem in Tanzania, with some herds starting their northward movement. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park): The majority of the herds are still concentrated in the Southern Serengeti Plains and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. However, as the month progresses, some herds start their migration northward.

Activity:

  • Calving Season: March marks the tail end of the calving season. While the peak of calving activity is over, there may still be young calves present in the southern regions.
  • Predator Activity: Predators like lions, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas are still active during this time, but their focus may shift towards hunting other prey as the wildebeest calves grow stronger.
  • Migratory Movement: Some herds begin their northward migration towards the central and western parts of the Serengeti. The exact timing and direction of this movement can vary depending on factors like rainfall and grazing conditions.

Possible Transition to Central Serengeti:

  • Transition to Central Serengeti: As March progresses, more wildebeest may start to move towards the central Serengeti as they follow the availability of fresh grazing and water.

April

In April, the Great Wildebeest Migration begins its transition period, as the herds move northward from the southern Serengeti in Tanzania. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park): The migration is in transition during April. The herds are leaving the southern Serengeti and moving towards the central parts of the Serengeti.
  • Possible Presence in Central Serengeti: By late April, some of the wildebeest herds may have reached the central Serengeti, although the exact timing can vary based on factors like rainfall and grazing conditions.

Activity:

  • Transition Period: April is a transitional month. The herds are on the move, and they can be spread out over a wide area as they seek fresh grazing and water sources.
  • Possible Predator Activity: Predators like lions, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas may follow the herds during their migration. However, the predator-prey dynamics are not as concentrated as during the calving season.

May

In May, the Great Wildebeest Migration continues its northward movement, entering the central and western parts of the Serengeti in Tanzania. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park): In May, the migration is primarily located in the central and western regions of the Serengeti.

Activity:

  • Central and Western Serengeti: The herds have transitioned from the southern Serengeti and are now concentrated in the central and western areas. These regions provide ample grazing opportunities for the migrating animals.
  • Possible River Crossings: Depending on specific conditions, some wildebeest may attempt river crossings, particularly at smaller rivers in the central and western Serengeti. However, major river crossings like the Grumeti River crossing usually occur in June.
  • Predator Activity: Predators continue to follow the herds, but the dynamics are not as concentrated as during the calving season.

June

In June, the Great Wildebeest Migration is typically in the western and central parts of the Serengeti in Tanzania. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park): In June, the migration is concentrated in the western corridor and the central areas of the Serengeti.

Activity:

  • Grumeti River Crossing (Western Corridor): One of the most dramatic events of the migration often occurs in June—the Grumeti River crossing. This river crossing is a challenging and dangerous undertaking for the wildebeest, as they must navigate through crocodile-infested waters.
  • Central Serengeti Grazing: Some of the herds that have already crossed the Grumeti River might be found grazing in the central parts of the Serengeti, where there’s ample fresh vegetation.
  • Predator Activity: Predators, including lions, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas, closely follow the herds during this time, taking advantage of the abundance of prey.

July

In July, the Great Wildebeest Migration is typically in the northern and central parts of the Serengeti in Tanzania. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park): In July, the migration is primarily concentrated in the northern and central areas of the Serengeti.

Activity:

  • Mara River Crossing (Northern Serengeti): One of the most iconic and dramatic events of the migration occurs in July—the Mara River crossing. This river crossing is another challenging and dangerous undertaking for the wildebeest, as they face strong currents and the presence of Nile crocodiles.
  • Northern Serengeti Grazing: After crossing the Mara River, the herds will spread out across the northern Serengeti and the Maasai Mara in Kenya, seeking fresh grazing.
  • Predator Activity: Predators, including lions, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas, closely follow the herds during this time, taking advantage of the abundance of prey.

August

In August, the Great Wildebeest Migration continues to be concentrated in the northern parts of the Serengeti in Tanzania and may also extend into the Maasai Mara in Kenya. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park): In August, the migration is primarily centered in the northern Serengeti.
  • Possible Entry into Kenya (Maasai Mara): Depending on conditions, a portion of the migration may have already entered the Maasai Mara in Kenya by August, particularly if the rains and grazing conditions are favorable.

Activity:

  • Mara River Crossings (Northern Serengeti): Similar to July, August is a key month for witnessing dramatic river crossings at the Mara River. This is a challenging and dangerous undertaking for the wildebeest, as they face strong currents and the presence of Nile crocodiles.
  • Northern Serengeti and Maasai Mara Grazing: After crossing the Mara River, the herds will spread out across the northern Serengeti and the Maasai Mara in Kenya, seeking fresh grazing.
  • Predator Activity: Predators, including lions, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas, closely follow the herds during this time, taking advantage of the abundance of prey.

September

In September, the Great Wildebeest Migration is typically found in the northern Serengeti in Tanzania, and some herds might still be present in the Maasai Mara in Kenya. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park): In September, the migration is primarily concentrated in the northern Serengeti.
  • Possible Presence in Kenya (Maasai Mara): Depending on specific conditions, a portion of the migration might still be present in the Maasai Mara in Kenya in early September. However, as the month progresses, many wildebeest will start to return to the Serengeti.

Activity:

  • Grazing in the Northern Serengeti: In September, the herds continue to graze in the northern Serengeti. The grasses in this region are typically shorter than in the southern Serengeti, but they still provide good forage.
  • Possible Late Mara River Crossings: Some wildebeest may still be crossing the Mara River in early September, but this activity tends to decrease as the month goes on.
  • Predator Activity: Predators, including lions, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas, continue to follow the herds during this time, taking advantage of the abundance of prey.

October

In October, the Great Wildebeest Migration starts its southward journey from the northern Serengeti in Tanzania, heading back towards the central and southern parts of the ecosystem. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park): In October, the migration is primarily concentrated in the northern and central Serengeti, but some herds may have already started to move southward.

Activity:

  • Transition to Central and Southern Serengeti: October marks the beginning of the transition back towards the central and southern parts of the Serengeti. The herds are on the move, and they can be spread out over a wide area as they seek fresh grazing and water sources.
  • Predator Activity: Predators continue to follow the herds during this time, but the dynamics are not as concentrated as during the calving season or river crossings.
  • Possible Late Mara River Crossings: Depending on specific conditions, some wildebeest may still be crossing the Mara River in early October, but this activity tends to decrease as the month goes on.

November

In November, the Great Wildebeest Migration is primarily located in the central and southern parts of the Serengeti ecosystem in Tanzania. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park): In November, the migration is concentrated in the central and southern Serengeti.

Activity:

  • Southern and Central Serengeti Grazing: The herds have largely moved out of the northern regions and are now spread out across the central and southern Serengeti. These areas provide good grazing as the rainy season begins.
  • Potential for Calving: In some years, there may be early calving activity in the southern Serengeti. However, this is not as widespread or intense as the calving season in the southern Serengeti earlier in the year.
  • Predator Activity: Predators like lions, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas continue to follow the herds, but the dynamics are not as concentrated as during the calving season or river crossings.

December

In December, the Great Wildebeest Migration is primarily located in the southern Serengeti and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in Tanzania. Here’s more detail about the location and activity during this month:

Location:

  • Tanzania (Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Conservation Area): In December, the migration is concentrated in the southern regions of the Serengeti and may extend into the Ngorongoro Conservation Area.

Activity:

  • Southern Serengeti Grazing: The herds have settled in the southern Serengeti, where there is ample grazing and water. This area provides good forage for the wildebeest.
  • Calving (Possibly): In some years, there may be early calving activity in the southern Serengeti. However, this is not as widespread or intense as the calving season in the southern Serengeti earlier in the year.
  • Predator Activity: Predators like lions, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas continue to follow the herds, but the dynamics are not as concentrated as during the calving season or river crossings.


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