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The Great Wildebeest Migration

What is the Great Wildebeest Migration?

The Great Wildebeest Migration is a monumental annual movement of over two million wildebeests, along with hundreds of thousands of zebras and gazelles, across the Serengeti plains in Tanzania and the Maasai Mara in Kenya. It is widely regarded as one of the world’s greatest wildlife spectacles. Spanning over 1,800 miles, this epic journey sees the herds facing numerous challenges, including treacherous river crossings and encounters with predators.

Why do Wildebeest Migrate? 

The wildebeest migration is driven by the need for survival and the search for greener pastures. There are several key reasons why wildebeests undertake this epic journey:

1. Access to Fresh Grazing: The primary motivation for the migration is the availability of food. As the seasons change, the wildebeests move in search of fresh grazing areas. By constantly moving, they can feed on nutrient-rich grasses that have had time to regenerate.

2. Water Sources: Water is another crucial factor in the migration. The wildebeests rely on water for hydration and to support the growth of lush vegetation. Their movement is often dictated by the need to access water sources such as rivers, which becomes especially important during the dry season.

3. Breeding Opportunities: The wildebeests’ calving season plays a significant role in their migration patterns. By timing their journey to coincide with the arrival of nutritious grasses in specific areas, they provide their newborn calves with the best chances of survival.

4. Predator Avoidance: The migration also serves as a strategy to evade predators. The vast numbers of wildebeests create a safety net, as the predators find it challenging to single out individual prey in such large herds. Additionally, the river crossings, although perilous, provide some protection against predators, particularly crocodiles, as they have a harder time targeting specific individuals.

5. Natural Instinct: The migration is deeply ingrained in the wildebeests’ instincts and has been passed down through generations. It is a remarkable example of nature’s ability to adapt and ensure the survival of a species.

What Attracts Visitors to Witness the Migration?

1. Unparalleled Wildlife Viewing: The Great Wildebeest Migration provides a front-row seat to witness the raw power of nature. Visitors have the opportunity to see predators like lions, cheetahs, and crocodiles in action, as they prey on the weaker animals during river crossings.

2. Breathtaking Scenery: The vast open plains of the Serengeti and the Maasai Mara create a picturesque backdrop for the migration, offering stunning photo opportunities and unforgettable sunsets.

3. Unique Cultural Experiences: Alongside the wildlife, visitors can engage with the Maasai and other local tribes, learning about their rich cultural heritage and traditions.

Fascinating Facts about the Great Wildebeest Migration

1. Constant Movement: The migration is a continuous cycle, with the herds constantly on the move in search of fresh grazing lands. This perpetual motion ensures their survival and contributes to the grandeur of the spectacle.

2. Births on the Move: Remarkably, the wildebeests time their calving season to coincide with the lush grasses in the southern Serengeti. Witnessing the incredible sight of newborn calves taking their first steps is a heartwarming experience.

3. Ecological Impact: The migration has a profound impact on the ecosystem. The grazing patterns of the wildebeests help maintain the balance between vegetation and herbivores, making them essential for the overall health of the region.

Best Time to Witness the Great Wildebeest Migration

The migration is a year-round event, but certain periods offer more thrilling experiences:

1. February to March: Witness the wildebeest calving in the southern Serengeti, accompanied by predators lurking in the shadows.

2. April: The big herds of animals move to the central part of the park named Seronera. This period is the rainy season in Tanzania. Heavy and prolonged rainfalls give animals tens of thousands of square kilometers of fresh grass for their nutrition.

3. May to June: Marking the end of the rainy season, the herds start moving northward, facing intense river crossings, particularly across the Grumeti and Mara rivers.

4. July to October: The wildebeests spread across the Maasai Mara, providing opportunities to witness dramatic encounters with predators.

5. November to January: This is considered as the dry season for safari – animals move from Kenya’s Maasai Mara National Reserve to the south-east part of the Serengeti. 

Although the timing of herd movements cannot be guaranteed, if you book with an experienced tour operator like ZAFS they can curate an itinerary such that the right parts of Serengeti are chosen to witness these large herds of wildebeest and their entourage; 

  • December – May: Southwest and Ndutu regions of Serengeti 
  • May – July: the Western Corrdior region of Serengeti 
  • July – October: the Serengeti-Mara area 
  • October – November: the northern Serengeti and Lobo area 

The incredible Great Wildebeest Migration, an unparalleled wildlife phenomenon leaves visitors in awe. With its unique blend of wildlife, stunning landscapes, and cultural experiences, this annual event is a must-see for nature enthusiasts. Plan your trip with ZAFS Tours, and embark on an unforgettable journey to witness the raw power and beauty of nature unfolding before your eyes.

Remember, the Great Wildebeest Migration is a once-in-a-lifetime experience, so pack your camera, binoculars, and a sense of adventure. Don’t miss the opportunity to be a part of this remarkable journey through the African wilderness. Book your safari with ZAFS Tours today!


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